Journal articles

Intellectual property


Halifax Solar City Map – direct link to map HERE




Swan L, White C; Systems and Methods for Determining State-Of-Charge Using Tafel Slope. USA Patent 10,712,392 (July 14, 2020). Assigned to Charged Engineering Inc.

Swan L, White C, Deveau J; Method for Completing Formation of Lead-acid Batteries. USA Patent 10,838,014 (November 17, 2020). Assigned to Charged Engineering Inc.

Hilliard T, Swan L; Method and System for Controlling Space Thermal Comfort Using Air Temperature and Solar Radiation Measurements. USA Patent Pending: Application 62/529,593, Filed 7 Jul 2017. Assigned to Green Power Labs Inc.

Theses (PhD, MASc) and reports (MEng)

Conference papers (selected)

  • Campbell B, Pearre N, Swan L (2020). Multi-objective Battery Energy Storage Control Modeling for Residences Within Utilities. eSim Building Simulation Conference, June 14-16 (2021), Victoria, BC, Canada.
  • Ellis B, Pearre N, Swan L (2020). Comparison of centralized and distributed photovoltaic system power intermittency based on measured data at the municipal scale. Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering International Congress, June 21-24, Charlottetown, PE, Canada.
  • Cook R, Swan L (2020). Experimental analysis of lithium ion batteries for low earth orbit CubeSat applications. Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering International Congress, June 21-24, Charlottetown, PE, Canada.
  • Pearre N, Kiefte D, Swan L (2020). Evaluating wind resources throughout the Maritimes for less costly electricity grid integration. Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering International Congress, June 21-24, Charlottetown, PE, Canada.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2017). A tool for evaluating the performance of simplified models for predictive control applications. Building Simulation Conference, August 7-9, San Francisco, USA.
  • George D, Swan L (2016). New profiles of occupancy driven appliance, lighting, and hot water use for residential sector energy demand modeling. Building Simulation & Optimisation Conference (BSO), September 12-14, Newcastle, England. This paper awarded third prize by the Scientific Committee.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2016). Electric vehicle charging to support renewable energy integration in a capacity constrained electricity grid. Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS29), June 19-29, Montreal.
  • George D, Swan L (2016). A comparison of electricity ‘smart meter’ data with high resolution measured residential loads. eSim Building Simulation Conference, May 3-6, Hamilton.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L, Kavgic M, Qin Z, DeWolf S (2016).Using building simulation software to quantify the savings of a model predictive control implementation. eSim Building Simulation Conference, May 3-6, Hamilton.
  • Kavgic M, Hilliard T, Swan L (2016). Method for validation of statistical energy models. eSim Building Simulation Conference, May 3-6, Hamilton.
  • Kavgic M, Hilliard T, Swan L (2015). Opportunities for implementation of MPC in commercial buildings. International Building Physics Conference (IBPC), June 14-17, Italy.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L, Kavgic M, Qin Z (2015). Applying model predictive control to a LEED silver-certified building. International Building Physics Conference (IBPC), June 14-17, Italy.
  • Desgrosseilliers L, Groulx D, White MA, Swan L (2014). Thermodynamic evaluation of supercooled seasonal heat storage at the Drake Landing Solar Community.  Eurotherm Conference: Seminar #99 Advances in Thermal Energy Storage, May 28-30, Spain.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2014). High-resolution residential electricity consumption trends under fixed and time-of-use rates. eSim Building Simulation Conference, May 8-9, Ottawa.
  • Manchester S, Swan L, Groulx D (2013). Compressed air energy storage for in-stream tidal generation on a limited capacity electricity grid. European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC2013), September 2-5, Denmark.
  • Manchester S, Swan L (2013). Isothermal Compressed Air Energy Storage and Wind Energy for Time of Day Electricity Markets. Sustainable Energy Information Technology (SEIT), June 25-28, Halifax.
  • Manchester S, Barzegar B, Swan L, Groulx D (2012). Energy storage to accommodate in-stream tidal electricity generators on limited capacity distribution grids. Asian Wave and Tidal Conference (AWTEC), November 28-30, Jeju, Korea.
  • Leadbetter J, Swan L (2012). Residential peak electricity demand shaving using battery energy storage: modeling and experiments. Sustainable Energy Technologies, September 2-3, Vancouver.
  • Leadbetter J, Swan L (2012). Assessment of battery energy storage characteristics to perform residential peak demand shaving. eSim Building Simulation Conference, May 1-4, Halifax.
  • Baruch P, Swan L, Wettels N, Joseph A (2012). Large-scale self-tuning solid-state kinetic energy harvester. Ind Comm Appl Smart Structures, March 23, San Diego.
  • Swan L, Ugursal V & Beausoleil-Morrison I (2009). Implementation of a Canadian residential energy end-use model for assessing new technology impacts. Building Simulation, July 27–31, Glasgow.
  • Swan L, Ugursal V & Beausoleil-Morrison I (2009). A model for evaluating the thermal effects of windows on the Canadian housing stock. Solar Buildings, June 25–26, Toronto.
  • Swan L, Ugursal V & Beausoleil-Morrison I (2008). A new hybrid end-use energy and emissions model of the Canadian housing stock. Solar Buildings, August 20–22, Fredericton, Canada. pp. 109–116.
  • Swan L, Ugursal V & Beausoleil-Morrison I (2008). A new hybrid end-use energy and emissions model of the Canadian housing stock. Building Energy and Environment, July 13–16, Dalian, China.
  • Swan L, Ugursal V & Beausoleil-Morrison I (2008). Canadian housing stock database for building energy simulation. eSim Building Simulation Conference, May 20–22, Quebec City, Canada.

Industry reports (selected)

  • Pearre N, Swan L (2017). IntraProvincial coupling of wind energy resources and examination of preferred regions for additional wind energy development. For Nova Scotia Department of Energy. 40 pages.
  • Adye K, Pearre N, Swan L (2017). Correlations of wind, solar, and tidal generation with net electricity load. For Nova Scotia Department of Energy. 17 pages.
  • Swan L (2017). Molecular rebar investigation. For [redacted] Battery. 34 slides.
  • Adye K, Pearre N, Swan L (2017). Comparison of solar photovoltaic electricity output from small-scale distributed systems and large-scale centralized systems. For Nova Scotia Department of Energy. 29 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2017). Statistical observational approach for improved wind power production forecasting in Nova Scotia. For Scotia Weather Services Inc. 31 pages.
  • Adye K, Pearre N, Swan L (2017). Tidal energy characterization. For Black Rock Tidal Power. 20 slides.
  • Watson M, Swan L (2017). Evaluation of [redacted] telecom batteries with the [redacted] battery fuel gauge. For Dugo Inc. 42 pages.
  • Watson M, Swan L (2017). Battery charging algorithm and DCDC charger characterization. For Jaza Energy Inc. 20 slides.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2017). Cost optimization with electricity demand charges and variable electricity pricing for occupied periods. For Green Power Labs. 88 pages.
  • Fleming S, Swan L (2016). AGM lead-acid battery capacity recovery. For Solar Global Solutions. 24 slides.
  • Zhang S, Swan L (2016). Inverter performance analysis and pre-compliance testing of SI-2000-01 prototype device. For Satelligent. 21 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2016). Enabling electric vehicles: the need for central infrastructure planning. For Nova Scotia Power. 33 slides.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2016). Thermal comfort criteria and strategy. For Green Power Labs. 35 pages.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2016). DOE building MPC operation during the morning start-up. For Green Power Labs. 30 pages.
  • Swan L, Kavgic M, Hilliard T (2016). DOE building models and rule based control baseline simulation results. For Green Power Labs. 25 pages.
  • Kavgic M, Hilliard T, Swan L (2016). DOE building BRM verification during the morning startup. For Green Power Labs. 43 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2016). Autonomous RMU pod energy storage report. For ArtFX. 39 slides.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2015). Liverpool wind energy storage project: a concept for instrumentation, commissioning, and testing. For Unify and Lightsail Energy. 61 slides.
  • Thompson J, Swan L, Pearre N (2015). Dalhousie building electricity demand limit predictions. For Dalhousie University. 11 pages.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2015). Building response model verification metric methodology. For Green Power Labs. 27 pages.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2015). Mona Campbell test building progress report. For Green Power Labs. 65 pages.
  • Kavgic M, Hilliard T, Swan L (2015). Creation of BRM training data: Method and quality assurance. For Green Power Labs. 80 pages.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2015). BRM verification for the Mona Campbell building. For Green Power Labs. 26 pages.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2015). Building description, energy usage, controls, input and output data for predictive modelling, and calibration results (Mona Campbell). For Green Power Labs. 42 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2015). Sodium nickel chloride battery Report 3: Battery experimental performance and final report. For Wind Energy Institute of Canada. 34 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2015). Sodium nickel chloride battery Report 2: Battery modeling and simulated performance. For Wind Energy Institute of Canada. 29 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2015). Sodium nickel chloride battery Report 1: Proposed electricity services. For Wind Energy Institute of Canada. 26 pages.
  • Kavgic M, Swan L (2015).Selection of prototypical commercial/institutional buildings and climate regions in North America for MPC. For Green Power Labs. 48 pages.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2015). Analysis of model predictive control results for the NSCC. For Green Power Labs. 81 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2014).Per turbine wind speed and direction forecast accuracy at Gulliver’s Cove wind field in Digby. For Scotia Weather Services. 24 pages.
  • Fleming S, Swan L (2014). Cycling performance of a Sun-Xtender PVX-1530T. For PoleCo. 56 pages.
  • Adye K, Pearre N, Swan L (2014). Solar City on-site assessment summary report: house characteristics and water savings. For Halifax Regional Municipality. 27 pages.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2014). Review of model predictive control strategies and services. For Green Power Labs. 37 pages.
  • Kavgic M, Swan L (2014). Review of North American climatic regions and commercial/institutional building categories. For Green Power Labs. 58 pages.
  • Hilliard T, Swan L (2014). Calibrated building performance model of the NSCC Harbourfront Wing. For Green Power Labs. 41 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2014).Electric vehicles for Digby: reducing imported fossil fuels and increasing renewable energy. For Municipality of the District of Digby. 85 pages.
  • Manchester S, Swan L (2014). Regenerative air energy storage for the [Redacted] wind-storage project. For LightSail Energy Canada. 50 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2014). Energy storage systems for residential load leveling. For Nova Scotia Power. 67 pages.
  • Deveau J, Swan L (2014). Performance of [redacted] flooded lead-acid batteries. For Surrette Battery. 17 pages.
  • Manchester S, Swan L (2013). Regenerative air energy storage for remote wind-diesel microgrid communities. For LightSail Energy Canada. 71 pages.
  • White C, Swan L (2013). Performance of Rolls 16CS15 flooded lead-acid batteries according to [Redacted]. For Surrette Battery. 21 pages.
  • Pearre N, Swan L (2013). Comparison of present commercial wind power forecast with measured data. For Scotia Weather Services. 29 pages.
  • Iormetti V, Swan L (2013). High resolution simulation of residential sector electricity consumption: Hamilton and St. Catharines. For Natural Resources Canada (NRCan). 23 pages.
  • White C, Swan L (2013). Temporal relationship of single wind turbine generation to electricity grid loads. For Colchester-Cumberland Wind Field. 20 pages.
  • Dheer R, Swan L (2013). Charge algorithm effects upon battery performance for a solar storage application. For Surrette Battery. 15 pages.
  • Barzegar B, Swan L (2013). Battery storage performance for an off-grid streetlighting application. For PoleCo. 19 pages.
  • Manchester S, Barzegar B, Swan L, Groulx D (2012). Energy storage requirements for in-stream tidal development on the Digby Neck. For Fundy Tidal Inc. 57 pages.
  • Sibbald J, Gough J, Swan L (2012). PV system to provide net-zero energy electric vehicle charging at Dalhousie University. For Office of Sustainability at Dalhousie University. 16 pages.
  • Manchester S, Swan L (2012). Energy Intensity of Joggins Fossil Institute. For WHW Architecture. 12 pages.
  • Leadbetter J, Swan L (2012). Cycling influence upon an electric boiler system performance. For Pictou County Plumbing and Heating. 14 pages.
  • Swan LG & Leadbetter JC (2010). Battery system for the Sable Island wind energy project. Public Works and Gov’t Services Canada, Contract No. E0225-110645/001/HAL. 21 pages.